News & EventsPosted on December 05, 2013
Press Release: Nation’s First Police Profiling Database Awarded Grant by NSF
The Center for Policing Equity has been awarded a grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to create the nation’s first police profiling database. Over 40 national law enforcement agencies from across the country have signed up to participate in this database that will standardize data collection across police departments. This database will provide an opportunity to analyze and ultimately correct racial disparities where they can be found.
To read the full press release, click here.
Posted on October 24, 2013
Introducing the first Center for Policing Equity newsletter!
The Center for Policing Equity has launched its first ever Newsletter. The newsletter will be an additional step in Policing Equity's continuous efforts to reach an even greater audience. Our first newsletter is posted below.
Posted on September 25, 2013
BJS report examines perceptions of police conduct during most recent contact
The Bureau of Justice Statistics' (BJS) 2011 Police- Public Contact Survey (PPCS) collects information on contact with police during a 12- month period. This survey examines involuntary contacts with police that occurred when the person was the driver of a motor vehicle(i.e., traffic stops) or when the person was stopped by the police while in a public place (i.e., street stops), as well as variations in perceptions of police behavior and police legitimacy during traffic and street stops.
A new report from the BJS examines findings from the PPCS. Specifically, the report found the following:
- A greater percentage of black drivers (13%) than white (10%) and Hispanic (10%) drivers were pulled over in a traffic stop during their most recent contact with police.
- Individuals involved in street stops were less likely (71%) than drivers in traffic stops (88%) to believe police behaved properly.
- Of those individuals who were stopped by police, a smaller percentage of blacks than whites believed the police behaved properly during the stop.
- Drivers were more likely to believe the reason for a traffic stop was legitimate if they were pulled over by an officer of the same race or ethnicity.
- Black and Hispanic drivers were ticketed and searched at higher rates than White drivers.
- The majority of persons who were searched or frisked during street stops did not believe the police had a legitimate reason for the search.
Read the full report here.
Posted on September 11, 2013
Racial profiling and the unintended consequence of reverse deterrence
CPE board member, Dr. Jack Glaser, and Dr. Amy Hackney of Georgia Southern University recently published an article in Law and Human Behavior on the possibility that racial profiling—the disproportionate scrutiny of a minority racial groups by authorities—may have a “reverse deterrent” effect on the illicit behavior of members of a nonprofiled majority group. That is, although racial profiling, when performed by law enforcement, is meant to reduce crime by concentrating resources on members of groups thought to be more likely to commit criminal acts, it may embolden individuals outside of targeted groups to commit crimes because they believe they will not be caught.
Dr. Hackney and Dr. Glaser tested this idea in a controlled experiment and found that white participants were more likely to cheat on difficult anagrams when Black confederates were profiled, than when White participants were profiled or no profiling occured. Black participants cheated at comparable levels in all three conditions of the study. The effect of the profiling of Blacks was consequently a net increase in cheating. Although more research is necessary to further study this idea, the results of this study indicate that racial profiling of minority groups may be counterproductive and have the unindended consequence of reverse deterrence.
To read the full article, go here.
Posted on September 04, 2013
San Jose police implement new policy to increase transparency and curb racial profiling
The San Jose Police Department has enacted a new policy requiring officers to document anytime they stop an individual, even if the stop does not result in an arrest. The policy, aimed at increasing transparency and gaining greater confidence of the public, refers to when officers initiate a stop, make someone sit on the curb, place them in handcuffs or force them to sit in the back of a police car.
The policy change comes two years after San Jose’s Independent Police Auditor recommended the policy. In a telephone interview, San Jose’s Independent Police Auditor stated that the groundbreaing policy will produce benefits both for the departentt and for members of the community.
To read more, go here.